What is Gaza Strip, Population, Conflict & West Bank?

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The tensions between Gaza and Israel unexpectedly increased on Saturday as Hamas launched surprise attacks on Israel. This tragedy calls for a closer look at the Gaza Strip, diving into its historical significance and complicated relations with its neighbors, particularly Egypt and Israel. This post will inform you about the detailed information about the Gaza Strip.

Gaza Strip

Gaza Strip

Topic Information
Location Between Israel, Egypt, and the Mediterranean Sea
Size About 41 km long and 6-11 km wide (365 kmΒ²)
Population (2023) Over 2 million people (one of the world’s most densely populated areas)
Official Language Arabic
Official Currency Israeli Shekel
Key Conflict Ongoing tensions with Israel and Egypt, controlled by Hamas
Recent Attacks Hamas launched surprise attacks on Israel in 2023
Historical Significance Captured by Israel in the Six-Day War (1967)
Gaza Strip and West Bank Both areas captured by Israel in 1967
Gaza Strip Governance Controlled by Hamas; Israeli blockade in place

The Gaza Strip, a small area between Israel, Egypt, and the Mediterranean Sea, is one of the most densely populated locations on the planet. Hamas, a violent Islamist Palestinian group, has been launching strikes on Israel from Gaza since October 7. Hamas, designated as a terrorist organization by Germany, the European Union, the United States, and several Arab states, continues to incite tensions in the region.

The Gaza Strip, which is around ten kilometers wide and 41 kilometers long, is home to slightly over two million people, resulting in an average population density of nearly 5,500 people per square kilometer. Israel’s population density is approximately 400 persons per square kilometer.

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Gaza Strip Population

Gaza Strip

As of 2023, the Gaza Strip’s population exceeds 2 million people. It makes it one of the world’s most densely populated areas. The Gaza Strip’s population has been quickly rising in recent years, owing to a high birth rate and a low death rate.

Except for a few Israeli settlers, most of the population is Palestinian. Gaza is a low-income area with a high unemployment rate and a low living level. The bulk of the population is Muslim, with a small Christian minority.

Gaza Strip Area Size/Area

Gaza is a 25-mile (41-kilometer) long, 4- to 7-mile (6- to 11-kilometer) broad strip of territory along the Mediterranean Sea, bounded to the southwest by Egypt and east and north by Israel. The Gaza Strip is a total of 365 km2 (141 sq mi). The Gaza Strip is a short coastal enclave in the Middle East that borders Egypt and Israel on the eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea.

It boasts a population of over 2 million people, making it one of the world’s most densely inhabited areas. Gaza has a diversified population that includes Palestinians, Israelis, and Egyptians. The Gaza Strip’s official language is Arabic, and the official currency is the Israeli shekel. The Gaza Strip is a famous tourist destination with stunning beaches, historic ruins, and delectable cuisine.

Gaza Strip Conflict

Gaza Strip Conflict

Israel launched a series of destructive military offensives against the Gaza Strip in 2008, 2012, 2014, and 2021. These assaults have resulted in the deaths of hundreds of Palestinians, many of whom were children, and the widespread devastation of tens of thousands of homes, schools, and business buildings. The prolonged closure has significantly impeded reconstruction efforts by preventing vital construction supplies like steel and cement from accessing Gaza.

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Gaza Strip and West Bank

gaza strip and west bank on map
Credit: The European Coordination of Committees and Associations for Palestine

The Gaza Strip and the West Bank are two areas of Israeli territory that Israel captured in 1967 during the Six-Day War. More than 5 million Palestinians dwell in both of these locations. The Gaza Strip is a tiny sliver of approximately 140 square miles of land in southwest Israel near the Mediterranean Sea. It also has a southern border with Egypt.

The West Bank is a larger area, approximately 2,173 square miles, within Israel’s borders. It runs along Israel’s eastern border, following the Jordan River and much of the Dead Sea. That’s where the name came from. International law considers Jerusalem vitally significant to Israelis and Palestinians as part of the West Bank. Both Israelis and Palestinians claim East Jerusalem as their capital. Before the Six-Day War, Egypt ruled the Gaza Strip, while Jordan controlled the West Bank.

Gaza Strip In Which Country?

The Gaza Strip, located on the Mediterranean Sea, shares borders with Israel and Egypt. It is one of two Palestinian areas, the other being the Israeli-occupied West Bank, which contains East Jerusalem and borders Jordan and the Dead Sea. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is centered in both regions.

Who Controls The Gaza Strip?

Hamas, a Palestinian militant organization, controls the Gaza Strip. Hamas won the Palestinian legislative elections in 2006 and took over the administration of Gaza from the Fatah-led Palestinian Authority in 2007. Israel controls the airspace and borders of the Gaza Strip and imposes a blockade on the territory.

This barrier restricts the flow of people and products into and out of Gaza, wreaking havoc on the economy and the lives of those there. The international community does not accept Hamas as Gaza’s legitimate administration. The US, the EU, and Israel all consider Hamas a terrorist group.

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