Israel And Palestine Conflict: History, Who Own What & Who Is Right?
Hamas attacked Israel on October 7, killing an estimated 900 Israelis. The Palestinian militant group has carried out this attack in response to efforts to promote “normalization” between Israel and other Muslim countries in West Asia. This post will inform you about the detailed information about Israel And Palestine Conflict.
Read about: Israel & Hamas War Reasons
Israel And Palestine Conflict
Unexpectedly, on October 7, Hamas, a Palestinian terrorist group in charge of the heavily populated Gaza Strip along Israel’s border, began an unprecedented onslaught against Israel from Gaza, pushing the confrontation between Israel and Palestine to previously unheard-of levels. Sadly, this incident resulted in the deaths of at least 700 Israelis, and estimates suggest that number may rise. Israeli forces are now fighting insurgents on several different fronts.
In response, Israel bombarded the Gaza Strip, declaring war on Hamas and promising to demolish the enclave’s Hamas rulers’ “military and governing capabilities.” Regrettably, these retaliatory attacks have resulted in the deaths of almost 400 Palestinians. Israeli military aggressively seeks to remove Gaza gunmen from southern Israel, while Palestinian terrorist organizations claim to possess over 130 Israeli prisoners.
Where Did The Attacks Take Place?
In addition, Hamas fighters penetrated southern Israel while rockets were launched as far north as Tel Aviv. Israeli media said that in Sderot, armed individuals started shooting at pedestrians. Videos circulating on social media showed urban clashes and gunmen patrolling the countryside in jeeps.
According to reports, Hamas fighters took control of several Israeli civilian population centers, with residents pleading for help from their government. The Israeli military announced the deployment of many fighter planes to attack Hamas sites in Gaza in the meantime. Several towns in southern Israel have reported ongoing gun battles.
Who Owned The Land First Israel Or Palestine?
Following the Ottoman Empire’s defeat in World War I, Palestine came under British control, with a Jewish minority and an Arab majority population. Tensions between the two people increased as the world community accused Britain of establishing a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Thousands of Jewish immigrants arrived in Palestine between the 1920s and 1940s, fleeing European persecution and seeking refuge after the Holocaust. Tensions between Jews and Arabs grew, accompanied by resistance to British rule.
In 1947, the UN recommended dividing Palestine into Jewish and Arab governments, with Jerusalem under international supervision. While the Jewish leadership approved the plan, the Arab side rejected it, preventing it from being implemented. British officials withdrew while the struggle stretched on, and Jewish leaders proclaimed the creation of Israel. Many Palestinians objected to this move, resulting in a war. Arab neighboring countries intervened militarily. The eviction of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians is called Al Nakba, or “The Catastrophe.”
Israel-Palestine Conflict History
In the latter half of the nineteenth century, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict erupted. To create the Arab and Jewish states that would make up the British Mandate of Palestine, the United Nations passed Resolution 181, often known as the Partition Plan, in 1947. On May 14, 1948, the first Arab-Israeli War established the State of Israel. The territory was divided into the State of Israel, the West Bank (along the Jordan River), and the Gaza Strip, notwithstanding Israel’s victory in the conflict in 1949, which resulted in the displacement of 750,000 Palestinians.
In the following years, tensions increased, particularly between Israel and Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. During the 1956 Suez Crisis, Egypt, Jordan, and Syria agreed on mutual defense, and Israel invaded the Sinai Peninsula in anticipation of a possible Israeli mobilization. The Six-Day War was started in June 1967 when Israel launched an early assault on Syrian and Egyptian air forces in reaction to Egyptian President Abdel Gamal Nasser’s actions. Israel then seized control of the Sinai Peninsula and Gaza Strip in Egypt, the West Bank and East Jerusalem in Jordan, and the Golan Heights in Syria.
Six years later, in the Yom Kippur War, also known as the October War, Egypt and Syria unexpectedly attacked Israel from two fronts to retake territory. Anwar al-Sadat, the president of Egypt, saw the conflict as a victory even though neither side gained anything from it, which sparked disputes over previously ceded land. The Camp David Accords, a peace agreement that ended Egypt and Israel’s thirty-year conflict, were finally signed in 1979 after cease-fires and peace talks.
Read about: Israel & Hamas War History
Who Is Right, Israel Or Palestine?
There have been several efforts to create the two states of Israel and Palestine by dividing the territory into Jewish and Arab regions. None of these attempts, however, have been universally accepted. Both sides have claimed the right to self-determination, including the ability to shape their political, economic, and cultural development. This concept is closely related to sovereignty, emphasizing the supremacy of the will of the people as the guiding force in a state.
Concurrently, confrontations between Israel and Arab nations occurred, culminating in Israel’s acquisition of the Sinai Peninsula (later restored to Egypt) and the Golan Heights in Syria (which it still holds). For a long time, Muslim countries, both Arab and non-Arab, refused to recognize Israel, preferring to maintain only informal relations. The US brokered the Camp David Accords between Egyptian and Israeli leaders in 1979, resulting in mutual concessions and agreements. However, this did not establish diplomatic relations between Israel and most of the region’s nations.
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