Who is Draupadi Murmu: 1st Tribal Women President of India

The nation today greets Ms Draupadi Murmu on winning the 15th presidential election of India after a contesting round, the voting for which was held on July 18th 2022. Ms Murmu will take the oath of office on July 25th 2022 in the presence of the current CJI (Chief justice of India), N V Ramana. The counting of votes was undertaken by the Election Commission today (July 21st 2022), beginning at 11 am in the Parliament house of the national capital. The joint opposition candidate Yashwant Sinha lost by a count of 987 votes. Ms Murmu was the nominated face of the BJP led NDA (National Democratic Alliance).

The president was elected by the members of the electoral college, comprising of the elected members of both the Houses of Parliament and legislative assemblies of all the States as well as the National Capital Territory of Delhi and the Union Territory of Puducherry.

Below is a brief description of some basic facts and the political journey of Ms Draupadi Murmu.

Who is Draupadi Murmu?

Draupadi Murmu 16th President of India
Image Courtesy: All India Radio

Hailing from the state of Odisha, Draupadi Murmu becomes the first tribal president and the second female president of India. Mrs Murmu has held many political positions in her career since 1997. She belongs to the country’s third largest scheduled tribe community, the Santhal tribe. Born on June 20th 1958, the 64 year old veteran has also functioned as the ex-governor of Jharkhand and was held responsible for some vital ministries under her entire political tenure. Before entering into politics Ms Draupadi Murmu started her professional career as a teacher at Sri Aurobindo Integral Education Centre, Rairangpur in 1997.

Draupadi Murmu belongs to which state?

She belongs to Baidaposi village of Odisha’s Mayurbhanj district but her role in the political sphere has mainly been associated with the state of Jharkhand.

Who did Draupadi Murmu defeat?

Draupadi Murmu went to become the nation’s 16th president after defeating the opposition backed Mr Yashwant Sinha belonging to the All India Trinamool Congress party. Mr Yashwant Sinha, a former Bharatiya Janta Party member has served as the head of the finance and the external affairs ministry during his political tenure under the BJP. Mr Sinha lost by a total of 987 votes to Ms Draupadi Murmu. Ms Murmu received a total of 2824 first preference votes-value of which is 6,76,803 whereas the count for Mr Sinha was a total of 1,877 first preference votes, whose value is 3,80,177.

What is the salary of Draupadi Murmu?

After being elected as the president of India Ms Draupadi Murmu is entitled to a salary of rupees 5 lakh a month along with beneficial allowances such as the medical, security and accommodation. The president officially gets to reside at the Rashtrapati Bhawan in New Delhi with a Z+ security level for her safety. The post retirement benefits for the president include a monthly pension of rupees 1.5 lakhs per month, staff expenses up to rupees 60,000, free travel with a companion by train and air etc.

Who supported Draupadi Murmu?

Ms Draupadi Murmu was the face of the BJP led NDA in the recent presidential election. Several political leaders extended their positive support to the BJP led presidential candidate. CM Jagan Reddy of the YSRC (Yuvajana Shramika Rythu Congress) party, the Biju Janta Dal (BJD) supremo Mr Naveen Patnaik, and the Lok Jan Shakti Party president Chirag Paswan were some among the many to render support to the lady leader.

Draupadi Murmu family

Draupadi Murmu belongs to the Santhali tribe from the Odisha district, Mayurbhanj. Her father, Biranchi Narayan Tudu was a farmer and the village headman during his era. She has two siblings, Bhagat Tudu and Sarani Tudu. Married to Shyam Charan Murmu who died in 2014 as a bank officer, she was blessed with two sons and a daughter. The two sons died in the years 2009 and 2014. Her daughter Itishri Murmu works as a bank worker.

Draupadi Murmu’s career before the President of India

After serving as an assistant teacher at Shri Aurobindo Integral Education Centre, Rairangpur (1994 – 1997) and then as a junior assistant in the irrigation and power department, the government of Odisha (1979 – 1983), Ms Draupadi Murmu won as the councillor and became the vice chairperson Rairangpur. Her other political achievements include:

  • Governor of Jharkhand State: 2015 – 2021
  • National Executive Member S.T. Morcha, BJP till April 10th, 2015: 2013
  • Again Elected as District President, Mayurbhanj (West), BJP till April 10th, 2015: 2013
  • District President, Mayurbhanj (West), BJP: 2010
  • Awarded as “Nilakantha Award” for The Best MLA of the year 2007 by Legislative Assembly of Odisha: 2007
  • State President S.T. Morcha, BJP: 2006 – 2009
  • Member of Legislative Assembly, Rairangpur, Odisha: 2004 – 2009
  • National Executive Member S.T. Morcha, BJP: 2002 – 2009
  • Member of Legislative Assembly, Rairangpur, Odisha and became Minister of State (Independent Charge), Odisha, Department of Transport and Commerce: 2000 – 2004
  • Animal Husbandry Department Govt. of Odisha: 2002 – 2004
  • Department of Fisheries Govt. of Odhisa: 2000 – 2002
  • Vice-President State S.T. Morcha, BJP: 1997

When will the Draupadi Murmu term end?

Ms Draupadi Murmu will be serving the office of president for a tenure of 5 years starting from July 25th 2022. Assuming no uncertainties to her health and other foreseen circumstances under which she would be obliged to resign from the office of the president, Ms Draupadi Murmu would end her term on July 25th 2027, after completing five years in her office. She would continue to sit in the office even after the completion of five years, given that either no new elections had taken place or no new president had been elected till then. She can also be re-elected as the president, given that she contests the following polls as there is no cap on a president’s re-election.

The nation indeed feels proud and honoured to have welcomed its second woman, the head of the republic who would lead the country to newer heights.

Final Words

The complete information about the Ms Draupadi Murmu is given and described comprehseinvely. She led a promising career before becoming the President of India. Her political career is proving that. She started from a very native point and where she is now is a recommendable and motivating story for all of us. Nation is proud to have her as the President of India.

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