Department of Science & Technology and Biotechnology, Government of West Bengal conducts a “Biotech-based Programmes for Societal Development” which is being implemented throughout the State to benefit SC, ST, OBC, Women and Rural people. Through this scheme skill development, training & demonstration are being conducted in various income and employment generating activities and proven and field-tested technologies are demonstrated to help the target populace in their skill development, self-employment and income generation etc. In general, no major research and development work is included in ABCD Programme, rather already established protocols and simple models are taken from lab to land by disseminating the knowledge on different biotechnological interventions to village people, farmers, women communities, entrepreneurs, enthusiasts etc. However, introduction of new technologies with justification areencouraged.
In addition, a major aim of this scheme is to encourage eco-friendly farming through organic fertilizer (e.g. vermicomposting, compost), bio-fertilizer and bio-pesticides replacing the toxic and unsafe chemicals to minimize the health hazards.
are organised through different reputed NGOs and educational institutions to encourage rural people to familiarize with different biotechnological interventions for better livelihood generation.
- 1. Agro-climatic zone based development of microbial biofertilizers (nitrogen fixing, phosphate solubilizing, potash solubilizing, zinc solubilizing etc. microbes) and microbial pesticides; deposition of all important germplasms to the national repositories for future access and use.
- 2. Identification of useful soil microbes, knowledge dissemination and mass propagation.
- 3. Biofortification and quality improvement of cereals, pulses and oilseeds.
- 4. Improvement of quality and quantity of perennial plantation crops through Biotechnological inputs.
- 5. Utilization of tissue culture technology for the improvement of horticulture crops and disease-free plant materials.
- 6. Domestication of wild edible mushrooms commonly found in different agro-climatic zones of West Bengal and/or technology transfer to the rural community for sustainable development.
- 7. Technology utilization for animal-feed production using regional bio-resources.
- 8. Development of feed for pisciculture using phytoplankton, zooplankton, microbes etc.-based biotechnology.
- 9. Biotechnological intervention for upgradation of traditional technology for quality improvement of processed food and beverages.
- 10. Biotechnology assisted mass production and utilization of Cyanobacteria & Micro algae, Mushroom, stevia, medicinal herbs etc. for the production of value added food products and other product development.
- 11. Assessment of genetic disorders – scientific documentation and general awareness.
- 12. Biotechnology-based household waste management for sustainable utilization.
- 13. Promotion of biotechnological methods using local natural resources to small scale industries.
- 14. Community-based genetic epidemiological studies on human health and diseases.
- 15. Any other tropical relevant to rural biotechnology.
● The proposal should be specifically aimed on field demonstration/extension oriented activities for the welfare of society (SC/ST population, weaker sections, rural population, women and youths) using biotechnological processes / techniques. If required, a little R&D component can be included for standardization of techniques already developed. There shall be a quantifiable social cost-benefit analysis of the project.
● The objectives of the proposal should be well focused and compact. The objectives are required to be provided list-wise and should indicate about number of awareness, training and demonstration programmes, number of direct and indirect beneficiaries (in terms of individuals, families, villages, blocks and districts etc.), names of crops/species and types of interventions proposed.
● The methodology, organization of work elements and time schedule of activities indicating monitorable milestones should be very clearly stated.
● The targets and milestones should be laid on a quarterly basis and they should be quantifiable.
● The list of beneficiaries should be provided both in terms of number of persons and number of families indicating number of SC/ST/OBC/Women. As far as possible, list should be provided with their authentication (signature / thumb impression) and addresses. The BPL card numbers, if available, may also be provided.
● Marketing linkages with documentary evidence and buy-back arrangements should be clearly specified in the project with necessary evidences. If organization is opting for buy-back, it may clearly be indicated that how the organization will be disposing the material in the market.
● Organizations seeking this kind of funding support for conducting training and demonstration activities are required to have essential infrastructure viz. building, training hall, demonstration farms, essential equipment for analytical and training work, projection facility, vehicle and other transportation facility and computational facilities etc.
● Necessary evidences of linkages with the other user agencies are required to be provided for buy-back arrangements.
Expected outcomes and deliverables:
● The project should clearly bring out the social and monitory benefits to the target populace through technology transfer using locally available resources.
● Attention should be paid on incremental income and additional employment generation in addition to their present income and occupation. Changes in lifestyle in terms of monetary gain, generation of employment in rural areas and nutritional as well as livelihood security should be the main aims of the project.
● The project should create avenues for the target populace to stay back in their areas and stop migrating to the cities.
● The activity undertaken should be employment/revenue generating and not job displacing.
● It should also pertain to the judicious utilization of bio-resources in the implementation area through the involvement of target population in farm activities. It should not lead to environmental degradation or ecological imbalance. Assessment in this regard must be submitted along with the project proposal.
● During the project duration, implementing agency should encourage formation of cooperative society of the beneficiaries / Farmers’ clubs / Water user’s association (WUA) etc. to continue the activity in a sustainable manner. After termination of Govt. support, assets generated are required to be transferred to the cooperatives or such other community based organizations (CBOs) so formed for operation and maintenance of assets.